MO4 1280px-First_at_Vicksburg.jpg

In 1861 the Southern states seceded from the Union to become Confederate States of America. They raised their flag over Fort Sumter, fought for independence to maintain slave agriculture on their plantations. President Lincoln declared Civil War and emancipated slaves in the United States. Lee surrendered to Grant in Appomattox in 1865 restoring the Union.

American Civil War
President Abraham Lincoln

Story of the World, Vol. 4, Chapter 5

Practice on Lizard Point

Practice on Lizard Point

Western Africa (cont):
Cote d'Ivoire
Burkina Faso


adoro I adore
ámbulo I walk
hábito I live in, dwell
júdico I judge, consider
laboro I work
libero I set free
návigo I sail
óccupo I seize
saluto I greet
súpero I overcome, surpass

Latin words with English derivatives
Etymonline Dictionary of the etymology of words.

8 Parts of Speech are

Grammar Revolution


Electromagnetism describes the electromagnetic force, one of the four fundamental forces of nature, which pushes or pulls charged particles like electrons and protons. It includes the electric force, which affects all charged particles, and the magnetic force, which only affects moving charges.

James Clerk Maxwell

A Vector has both magnitude and direction. It can be notated as a directed segment from tail to head.

Hermann Günther Grassmann

Edouard Manet, A Bar at the Folies-Bergère, oil on canvas, 96 x 130 cm (Courtauld Gallery, London). Speakers: Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris

Clara Wieck Schumann
Piano Concerto Op. 7

”The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe




Review this week’s Memory Work (above). Be sure to listen to the History Song & Timeline song.

Choose one topic above, do a little research and prepare a 2-3 minute presentation to teach us what you learned in class next week.  Hint: Follow the links above, the suggestions below and/or search Khan Academy or Youtube for good educational videos.

An historical figure or event
A timeline event
A country from Geography
English Grammar
Latin vocabulary and its English or Spanish derivates
The mathematician or math topic
The scientist’s discoveries, experiment or science
The artist’s life & art
The composer’s music


Writing Assignment
Write 3 body paragraphs of your essay on a British Colony. Use good vocabulary & other stylistic techniques.

Recite the Gettysburg Address from memory next week.

Choose a topic from above, research it online. Hint: look for good educational videos on Youtube or Khan Academy. Make a note card of key facts, then do a 5 minute presentation in class next week.



Writing Club
Present your essay on "Italy" and write a paragraph “Civil War.” Diagram Week 4 sentences. 

Make Science
Study James Clerk Maxwell & create an induction coil.

Math Club
Learn about vectors & Grassman

Art Appreciation
Study Manet.


Book Club
Continue reading A Secret Garden as a class, annotating themes as we go. Check out a modern book from the Book Club library, read at least 20 pages, and annotate 5-10 interesting quotes, vocabulary words, themes or allusions per chapter. Complete Week 4 Editing.

Drawing Out Arithmetic
Construct Book 6 Proportions & shapes.

Make History
Make a set of sticks & a hoop for the Civil War era game Graces, read Story of the World, Vol 4, Chapter 5, and take the Chapter 5 quiz.

Complete Lesson 4 homework and study for Test 4.


Physical Education

Play Graces (an American game from the 1860s) by throwing a hoop with two sticks to a partner.


Chronos Explorers
Big Rock Ridge


8000 BC Citizens of Jericho build the first walled city
3300 BC Sumerians invent writing
3100 BC Narmer unifies Egypt
3100 BC Early Britons start constructing Avebury and Stonehenge
2750 BC Imhotep’s first stone pyramid
2700 BC Uruk’s great King Gilgamesh
2500 BC Harappa was founded on the Indus River
2340 BC Sargon of Akkadia
2100 BC Domestication of the horse, Sintashta
2100 BC Patriarchs of Israel
2000 BC Minoans of Crete
1950 BC Akkadia falls to Babylon
1792 BC Hammurabi the Amorite rules as King of Babylon
1628 BC Thera Erupts and tidal waves destroy coastal empires
1600 BC Hittites rule Anatolia
1558 BC Shang Dynasty rules the Yellow River Valley
1500 BC Aryan people enter India
1500 BC Moses leads the Hebrew Exodus
1500 BC Phoenicians trade on the Mediterranean
1450 BC
Mycenaeans, the first Greeks
1200 BC
Olmecs, the first Meso- american civilization
1100 BC
Zhou Dynasty overthrow the Shang
1070 BC
Kush rule Nubia
1010 BC
David, King of Israel
1000 BC  Bantu migrate throughout Africa
850 BC  Greek Dark Ages
814 BC  Phoenicians settle Carthage
800 BC  Homer writes his poems
768 BC  Etruscans spread south ofthe Alps
685 BC  Assurbanapal collected cuneiform tablets in his Library at Ninevah
626 BC  Chaldeans defeat the Assyrians
620 BC  The Seven Sages of Greece
605 BC  Nebuchadnezzar exiles the Jews
599 BC  Mahavir, Jain teacher
563 BC  Siddartha Gautama
559 BC  Cyrus the Great rules over Medes and Persians
551 BC  Confucious Reforms China
530 BC  Pythagoreans believe in numbers
500 BC  Darius the Great attacks Greece
500 BC  Lau Tzu teaches Taoism
500 BC  Warring States Period leads to the Qin (Chin) Dynasty
431 BC  The Peloponnesian War
425 BC  Heroditus writes The Histories
399 BC  Socrates teaches Plato
336 BC  Aristotle tutors Alexanderthe Great
335 BC  Alexander the Great conquers the Persians and Egypt
321 BC  Chandragupta and the Mauryan Empire
300 BC  Euclid’s Elements
268 BC  Ashoka rules India
264 BC  Rome fights Carthage in three Punic Wars
250 BC  Archimedes of Syracuse
221 BC  Shi Huangdi, Chinese Emporer
197 BC  Roman Republic conquers the world
140 BC  Hipparchos catalogues the stars in Nicaea
105 BC  Heron’s College in Alexandria
100 BC  The Nazca people flourish
70 BC  Lucretius, Epicurean
59 BC  Julius Caesar, emporer for life
45 BC  Cicero
3 BC  Jesus Christ, Emmanuel, born in Judea, Israel Israel
30  Paul, Missionary to the Gentiles
54  Nero persecutes the early Church
70  Titus destroys Herod’s Temple and Jerusalem
168  Ptolemy writes The Almagest
180  Marcus Aurelius writes Meditations
300  Yamato dynasty in Japan
306  Constantine the Great converts to Christianity
320  Sri Gupta starts India’s Golden Age
380  Augustine of Hippo writes his Confessions
395  Roman Empire divides East and West
410  Visigoths sack Rome
449  Anglo-Saxons invade England
453  Attila King of the Huns
496  Clovis unites the tribes of France
514  Mayans found Chichen Itza
537  Isidore of Miletus builds Hagia Sophia in Constantinople
590  Yan Chien unifies China
622  Muhammad travels to Medina
639  Muslim Caliphs expand the Arab Empire
683  Zero used in Cambodia
700  Ghana trades gold and salt
732  Charles Martel defeatsal al Rahman near Tours, France
768  Charlemagne becomes the first Holy Roman Emperor
790  Vikings raid Europe
802  King Jayavarman II of the Khmer Empire
810  Al-Khwārizmī (Algoritmi) publishes his Book on Calculation (Algebra)
900  Tiwanaku culture builds south of Lake Titicaca
947  Ce Acatl founds the Toltec Empire in Yucatan
980  Vladimir becomes ruler of Kiev
1000  Leif Ericsson sails to North America
1054  The Great Eastern Schism of the church
1054  Crab Nebula supernova
1066  William the Conqueror wins the Battle of Hastings
1095  Pope Urban II calls for the First Crusade
1096  Teaching begins at Oxford University
1113  King Suryavarman II builds Angkor Wat
1157  Ibn Rushd translates Aristotle
1200  Maori arrive in New Zealand
1202  Fibonacci publishes Liber Abaci
1209  Genghis Khan’s conquests
1215  King John of England signs the Magna Carta
1271  Marco Polo’s journey to China
1273  Aquinas interprets Aristotle
1299  Osman I founds the Ottoman Empire
1320  Dante’s Divine Comedy
1324  Wealthy Mansa Musa of Mali
1325  Aztecs build Tenochtitlan
1347  Black Plague from China to Europe
1368  Hongwu’s Ming Dynasty in China
1387  Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales
1400  Fra Angelico’s rare and perfect talent
1415  Henry the Navigator
1430  Durer and Bruegel in the Northern Renaissance
1431  Joan of Arc in France
1450  Incas build Machu Picchu
1453  Turks conquer Constantinople
1455  Gutenberg invents the printing press
1462  Ivan the Great rules Russia
1466  Leonardo da Vinci
1470  Sunni Ali expands the Songhay Empire
1488  Michelangelo and the High Rennaissance
1492  Columbus sails west to find Asia
1497  Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope
1517  Martin Luther’s Reformation
1519  Cortes conquers the Aztecs
1520  Suleiman the Lawgiver in the Ottoman Empire
1522  Magellan’s expedition circumnavigates the globe
1527  El Greco and Mannerism
1536  John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion
1543  Copernicus publishes The Revolution
1550  Caravaggio, Bernini and Baroque
1558  Elizabeth I, Queen of England
1588  Britian defeats the Spanish Armada
1590  William Shakespeare’s first play
1607  Jamestown founded
1609  Galileo’s first telescope
1620  The Mayflower sails to Plymouth Rock
1633  Iemitsu closes ports in Japan
1637  Renee Descartes, the father of modern western philosophy
1653  Oliver Cromwell’s Civil War
1665  Newton’s and Leibniz’s Calculus
1690  John Locke
1703  Johann Sebastian Bach
1727  Leonhard Euler
1753  Carl Linnaeus, Biologist
1764  Mozart and the Classical period
1769  James Watt patents the steam engine
1776  James Cook ocean explorer
1776  US declares independence from Britain
1778  Beethoven and the Romantic Arts
1780  Jacques Louis-David, Neo-Classical painter
1781  Immanuel Kant’s philosophy
1787  US Constitution ratified
1801  Hegel’s absolute idealism
1801  Georg Friedrich Gauss teaches Bernhard Riemann
1802  Napoleon crowned consul for life
1808  Goethe publishes Faust
1819  Delacroix, Romantic Painter
1820  The British claim the South African Cape Colony
1821  Mexico independence
1840  Millet, Realist painter
1848  Marx’s Communist Manifesto
1859  Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species
1861  The American Civil War
1863  Khan defends Afghanistan
1864  Faraday and Maxwell
1865  Mendel founds genetics
1865  U.S. Congress bans slavery
1865  Claude Monet, Impressionist
1868  Emperor Meiji restores imperial rule in Japan
1873  Gauguin, Post-Impressionist
1876  Bell patents the telephone
1879  Edison’s electric light
1900  Boxer Rebellion in China
1900  Matisse, Picasso, and Duchamp
1901  Roosevelt and his rough riders
1903  Wright brothers’ first plane flight
1904  Sigmund Freud, psychoanalyst
1905  Einstein’s annus mirabilis
1908  Ottoman Empire reforms
1912  Hubble’s galaxies
1914  Gandhi in India
1914  Armenian Genocide
1914  World War I
1915  René Magritte, surrealist
1917  Lenin’s Bolshevik Revolution
1924  19th Amendment: Women’s Suffrage
1929  The Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression
1933  Hitler’s Holocaust
1940  World War II
1945  United Nations
1945  Green Revolution
1948  Mohandas Gandhi assassinated
1948  Nation of Israel
1954  Brown v. Board of Education
1957  Sputnik & Yuri Gargarin
1963  John F. Kennedy
1969  American astronauts walk on the moon
1975  The Vietnam War ends
1989  The Berlin Wall falls
1991  Gorbachev resigns; Communism outlawed
2001  September 11 and the War on Terror
2004  Information Age and the global internet